Man has been building houses from time immemorial. The types of houses and the construction materials have also evolved over time, right from using natural materials and building huts to modern day 3D printed homes, man has come a long way.
Type of Houses
There are just numerous types of houses if one starts looking in to local culture and architecture. Each country has types of houses that depend largely on climate, seismic zone, culture and history. For example California bungalow is famous in the United States and Chalet Bungalow in the UK. The Chattel house is occupied by working class in the Barbados.
Let us look at more common and a wider classification of houses
This type of house is a building that is intended for a # family. Some of the special types here are
Barn dominium: This type of houses has a living space that is attached to a workshop or a barn, typically used for large Residential vehicles or boats or horses
Farm House: This is a main house on a farm. This is typically located away from modern day cities or at borders of such cities.
Log Home: These are houses built with solid, unsquared woods and are crafted in style for dwelling. These are also mostly constructed at frontiers and near river beds.
Villa: These are upper class country houses normally considered luxurious.Duplex: These are kind of stacked apartments usually with kitchen and living rooms on the ground level and bedrooms and bathrooms on the top floor.
These type of buildings have multiple houses constructed on the same floor and is typically used on a shared basis
Apartments: These houses in these type of buildings are usually rented or leased out to a # family or for two or more people. These are also called as flats in some parts of the world.
Condominium: This is a form of joint ownership where each house is owned by individuals whereas the common areas and facilities are shared by all. There is also a maintenance fee that one has to pay monthly.
Studio apartment: These are best suited for # people or a coupe where the living room doubles up as bedroom with kitchen and bathroom on the side. These are usually small. There are further variants to these houses based on the availability of basement or garage facilities. Visit this site https://www.buildloghomes.org/.
The construction materials used across the world as well vary according to local raw materials available and also on the seismic activity in the region. Constructing a house of brick and cement in an earthquake prone region is dangerous as such a heavy building falling down would cause great loss to human life.
Concrete: This is nothing but a mixture of cement, sane, coarse and fine aggregates along with water. It is more fluid when first mixed and can be made to take the shape of the formwork provided. When regularly watered it hardens due to reaction with cement and really hardens well to last for long years.
Masonry: Masonry is nothing but a bond formed with smaller units held together by mortar. The units are usually made of either bricks, stone or hollow bricks and are bonded using various types of bonds.
Metals: Various types of metals are also used largely in commercial and large buildings for structural reinforcement and also in smaller items like plumbing, door knobs, roofing etc. There are largely classified as ferrous and nonferrous, referring to their iron content. Steel is most widely used apart from iron, aluminium, copper, brass and bronze.
Wood: Wood is widely used in structural framings, walls and architecture. It is also widely used in earthquake prone residential areas. Plywood, rosewood and teakwood are some of the kinds of wood that are used.
Others: Other items like plastics are mainly used in plumbing works and construction of pipes and ceramics tiles are popular for finishing and bathroom decoration. Thus there are various types and varieties of materials that are used in the construction of houses.Nowadays people are also interested in constructing their own houses or extend their existing houses by adding an additional room. This many people are trying to do it on their own out of interest and to save costs.
This is a main house on a farm. This is typically located away from modern day cities or at borders of such cities.
The construction materials used across the world as well vary according to local raw materials available and also on the seismic activity in the region.
The units are usually made of either bricks, stone or hollow bricks and are bonded using various types of bonds.